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The Making of Jewish Universalism


The Making of Jewish Universalism

From Exile to Alexandria

von: Malka Simkovich

89,99 €

Verlag: Lexington Books
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 12.12.2016
ISBN/EAN: 9781498542432
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 216

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Beschreibungen

<span><span>This book explores two kinds of universalist thought that circulated among Jews in the Greco-Roman world. The first, which is founded on the idea that all people may worship the One True God in an engaged and sustained manner, originates in biblical prophetic literature. The second, which underscores a common ethic that all people share, arose in the second century bce. This study offers one definition of Jewish universalism that applies to both of these types of universalist thought: universalist literature presumes that all people, regardless of religion and ethnicity, have access to a relationship with the Israelite God and the benefits promised to those loyal to this God, without demanding that they participate in the Israelite community as a Jew. <br><br>This book opens with an exploration of four types of relationships between Israelites and non-Israelites in biblical prophetic literature: Israel as Subjugators, Israel as Standard-Bearers, Naturalized Nations, and Universalized Worship. In all of these relationships, the foreign nations will acknowledge the One True God, but it is only the Universalized Worship model that offers a truly universalist vision of the end-time. The second section of this book examines how these four relationship models are expressed in Second Temple literature, and the third section studies late Second Temple texts that employ a second kind of universalist thought that emphasizes ethical behavior. This book closes with the suggestion that Ethical Universalist ideas expressed in late Second Temple texts reflect exposure to Stoic thinkers who were developing universalist ideas in the second century BCE.</span></span>
<span><span>Interest in Jewish universalism is on the rise, yet scholars lack a common definition of the concept. This book advocates for a common definition of universalism as it applies to an Early Jewish context and traces the origins of Jewish universalist thought from the prophetic literature of the Hebrew Bible through the period of the Second Temple.</span></span>
<span><span>Introduction: The Problem of Jewish Universalism</span></span>
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<span><span>Part I: Biblical Prophetic Literature: Four Eschatological Relationships Between Israelites and Non-Israelites</span></span>
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<span><span>Chapter One: Three Models of Particularist Relationships in Prophetic Literature</span></span>
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<span><span>Chapter Two: Nation Alongside Nation in the Universal Worship of God </span></span>
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<span><span>Part II: Relationships Between Israelites and Gentiles Built on Biblical Models in the Greco-Roman Period, 334 bce–118 ce</span></span>
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<span><span>Chapter Three: Particularist Relationships in the Late Second Temple Period</span></span>
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<span><span>Chapter Four: The Universalized Worship Model in the Second Temple Period</span></span>
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<span><span>Part III: A Life in Common: The Rise of Ethical Universalist Literature in the First Century bce</span></span>
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<span><span>Chapter Five: Philo’s “Radical Allegorizers”</span></span>
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<span><span>Chapter Six: Ethical Universalism in the Late Second Temple Period</span></span>
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<span><span>Part IV: Summary and Implications of the Argument</span></span>
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<span><span>Bibliography</span></span>
<span><span>Malka Simkovich </span><span>is a visiting assistant professor of Jewish studies at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago.</span></span>

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