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Reproductive Technologies as Global Form


Reproductive Technologies as Global Form

Ethnographies of Knowledge, Practices, and Transnational Encounters
Eigene und fremde Welten, Band 19 1. Aufl.

von: Stefan Beck, Sven Bergmann, Aditya Bharadwaj, Sarah Franklin, Zeynep Gurtin-Broadbent, Viola Hörbst, Marcia C. Inhorn, Willemijn de Jong, Maren Klotz, Michi Knecht

33,99 €

Verlag: Campus Verlag
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 09.07.2012
ISBN/EAN: 9783593411415
Sprache: deutsch
Anzahl Seiten: 386

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Beschreibungen

Seit vor 30 Jahren das erste »Reagenzglas- Baby« der Welt geboren wurde, haben sich In- vitro-Fertilisation (IVF) und andere Technologien »assistierter « Reproduktion weltweit verbreitet. Behandlung Suchende, Spenderinnen von Eizellen, Samenbanken und Ärzte agieren über nationale Grenzen hinweg, nicht selten entlang der Wohlstandsbruchlinien zwischen Ost und West und Nord und Süd. Die Autoren zeichnen in ethnografischen Studien die große Vielfalt lokaler Anwendungen von Reproduktionstechnologien auf vier Kontinenten nach und folgen gleichzeitig den transnationalen Routen des Medizinmarktes. Die Reproduktionsmedizin steht dabei beispielhaft für die biotechnologische Globalisierung.

In the thirty-five years since the first "test-tube baby," in-vitro fertilization and other methods of reproductive assistance have become a common aspect of family life and medicine in affluent nations and, increasingly, throughout the world. How do persons seeking treatment, donors, and medical experts make use of these reproductive technologies? How in crossing borders between nations do they manage to evade legal and bioethical regulations? And how do they make sense of these new modes of making kinship against the backdrop of diverse worldviews and social settings? In bringing together a wide array of ethnographic studies this volume offers both a current snapshot of the complexity and diversity of local or national IVF-cultures and of emerging transnational forms of mobility, competition, inequality and collaboration. Reproductive technologies as global form refer to the simultaneity of replicating standards and creating differences, of displacements and reappropriations, raising a plethora of provocative questions for the future.
Contents

Acknowledgments .................................................................................9

Reproductive Technologies as Global Form: Introduction ...................11
Michi Knecht, Maren Klotz, Stefan Beck

Five Million Miracle Babies Later: The Biocultural
Legacies of IVF ...................................................................................27
Sarah Franklin

Localizing In Vitro Fertilization: The Cultural Work of Encounters with Medical Technologies

Legacies and Linkages: Episodes in the Establishment of
New Reproductive Technologies in Contemporary Sri Lanka..............61
Bob Simpson

Practitioners as Interface Agents between the Local and
the Global: The Localization of IVF in Turkey ....................................81
Zeynep B. Gürtin

Making Connections: Reflecting on Trains, Kinship, and
Information Technology....................................................................111
Maren Klotz

National Styles of Reproductive Governance and Global Forms

The Other Mother: Supplementary Wombs and the
Surrogate State in India .....................................................................139
Aditya Bharadwaj

Assisted Reproductive Technologies in Mali:
Asymmetries and Frictions ................................................................161
Viola Horbst

Concerned Groups in the Field of Reproductive
Technologies: A Turkish Case Study .................................................197
Nurhak Polat

Tracing Transnational Scapes of Reproductive Technologies: Emergent Forms and Domains of Regulation

Globalization and Gametes: Reproductive »Tourism«,
Islamic Bioethics, and Middle Eastern Modernity .............................229
Marcia C. Inhorn

Reproducing Hungarians: Reflections on Fuzzy Boundaries
in Reproductive Border Crossing.......................................................255
Eva-Maria Knoll

What is Europeanization in the Field of Assisted
Reproductive Technologies? ..............................................................283
Maren Klotz & Michi Knecht

Transnational Reproductive Mobilities, Materialities, and Agencies

Making Interferences: The Cultural Politics of Transnational
Ova »Donation« ................................................................................305
Michal Nahman

Resemblance that Matters: On Transnational Anonymized
Egg Donation in Two European IVF Clinics.....................................331
Sven Bergmann

Biomedical Mobilities: Transnational Lab-Benches and
Other Space-Effects...........................................................................357
Stefan Beck

Notes on Contributors ......................................................................375

Index of Names and Places ................................................................381
Die Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber arbeiten als Ethnologen an der Humboldt- Universität zu Berlin.

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